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The Difference between Ethics & Morals

MORALS
These are basically parts of a “common agreement” of DOs & DONTs among a group of people to minimize conflicts and establish “Harmony”. The group can be very small to very big … expanding from a small village to a state, a nation, a continent of the whole world. Morality is the foundation of “Man Made Laws” for the legal systems – providing for rewards, awards & punishments. Morality will vary with varying choices of people in different locations at different times with different circumstances & environments. Some conditions of morality may be common across the world but many may not be.
Morality also forms the foundation of “Culture” of a society and thus culture & laws often get intermingled in that society, influencing the administration & governance as a whole. Morality defines the good & bad conduct in each particular society covering food & dressing, education & training, professions & careers, social & community behaviour. Monogamy & polygamy, matriarchy & patriarchy, gender differentiation for awards, rewards & punishments, distribution of duties & responsibility among the genders etc are all parts of cultural morality extending to legalities. Morals can be changed by those who are part of that community through common agreement. Religions also play an important role in defining the morality in any society as any religion is a common agreement dictated by common culture, belief & faith. But morals are “Never Universal”.
ETHICS

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Naari – The Woman of India

Where women are respected, honored and venerated – gods will dance in ecstasy!  Where women are subjugated, insulted and ill treated – gods will vacate that place, nothing will prosper there – only misery and sorrow will prevail – that place will never have peace or happiness! This is the extract from Manusmruthi – the ancient Indian ethical & moral code book of culture.

How true it is even today! – if only if we open our eyes and take an unbiased look! The present and recent past generations of humanity may have taken objection to many tenets of Manusmruthi and argued about their irrelevance to the needs of the time – but no one can deny the fact that there are eternal principles in the order of creation and nature that continue to prevail timelessly. These principles remain “changeless laws” in the midst of all changes! Out dependence on gravity to stay on earth did not change – our dependence on Sun for energy did not change – our dependence on rains for food did not change … and these will never change – no matter how wildly different the Sci-Fi projections about the future of human survival and behaviour.

Despite all the impressive and concurrent technological progress in diverse fields of science & technology – ethical & moral degeneration of mankind witnessed in the modern times has not allowed the benefits of that material progress to contribute to life and provide happiness & peace to the mankind. The starvation for peace & happiness continues and is more rapidly & widely growing than the material prosperity. Why? Read the rest of this entry

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