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Defining Science, Religion & Spirituality

1. Science:

1. The observation, identification, description, experimental investigation, and theoretical explanation of phenomena. Such activities restricted to a class of natural phenomena. Such activities applied to an object of inquiry or study.  Methodological activity, discipline, or study: An activity that appears to require study and method. Knowledge, especially – that gained through experience.

2. In common usage the word science is applied to a variety of disciplines or intellectual activities which have certain features in common. Usually a science is characterized by the possibility of making precise statements which are susceptible of some sort of check or proof. This often implies that the situations with which the special science is concerned can be made to recur in order to submit themselves to check, although this is by no means always the case. There are observational sciences such as astronomy or geology in which repetition of a situation at will is intrinsically impossible, and the possible precision is limited to precision of description.

3. A common method of classifying sciences is to refer to them as either exact sciences or descriptive sciences. Examples of the former are physics and, to a lesser degree, chemistry; and of the latter, taxonomical botany or Zoology. The exact sciences are in general characterized by the possibility of exact measurement. One of the most important tasks of a descriptive science is to develop a method of description or classification that will permit precision of reference to the subject matter.

2. Religion:

1. Belief in and reverence for a supernatural power or powers regarded as creator and governor of the universe.

2. A personal or institutionalized system grounded in such belief and worship; the life or condition of a person in a religious order.

3. A set of beliefs, values, and practices based on the teachings of a spiritual leader.

4. A cause, principle, or activity pursued with zeal or conscientious devotion. Read the rest of this entry

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Defining Politics, Ethics & Justice

Politics:

  1. The art or science of government or governing, especially the governing of a political entity, such as a nation, and the administration and control of its internal and external affairs.
  2. The activities or affairs engaged in by a government, politician, or political party.
  3. The methods or tactics involved in managing a state or government. The word politics may have been derived from the word “polite” implying polite manipulation of people!

Ethics:

Morals are social laws – or agreements collectively arrived at by all the members of any society over a long period in order to ensure a harmonious and stable social order. Hence “morals” can be looked at as time tested and stable working principles in the social context in a group.  Morals for different groups can be totally different – as we can see all over the world. Read the rest of this entry

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