Blog Archives

The core tenets of Sanatana Dharma (Hinduism)

Yama & Niyama are the first 2-stages of Ashtanga Yoga of Patanjali

The 10 Yamas – Restraints or Proper Conduct

  1. Ahimsa …………………or Non-injury
  2. Satya ……….. …………or Truthfulness
  3. Asteya ……….. ………..or Nonstealing
  4. Brahmacharya ……….. or Sexual Purity
  5. Kshama ……………….. or Patience
  6. Dhriti ……….. …………or Steadfastness
  7. Daya ……….. ………….or Compassion
  8. Arjava ……….. ………..or Honesty
  9. Mitahara ……….. ……..or Moderate Diet
  10. Saucha ……….. ………..or Purity (Hygiene)

The 10 Niyamas – Observances or Practices

  1. Hri ……….. …………….or Modesty
  2. Santosha ……….. ………or Contentment
  3. Dana ……….. …………..or Charity
  4. Astikya ……….. ………..or Faith
  5. Ishvarapujana ………….or Worship of the Lord
  6. Siddhanta Sravana …….or Scriptural Listening
  7. Mati ……….. ……………or Cognition
  8. Vrata ……….. ………….or Sacred Vows
  9. Japa ……….. ……………or Incantation
  10. Tapas ……….. ………….or Austerity

How simple they sound and how difficult they are! Are they truly difficult? Anything you are not accustomed to – appears difficult. For a person who has not even seen a swimming pool or pond before – swimming appears difficult. Familiarity removes the fear and makes it easy. Then, once a person starts familiarizing with the above – they progressively become easy and practicable.

MSR Ayyangar

Dharma – Everything that is there to know about!

If there is one word in “Sanskrit” that pervades the entire physical & material universe on one side – and also the universe of Life & Spirit on the other side – it is “Dharma”. It is used very colloquially on one side by all and sundry – as much as with extreme poignancy and significance by the very learned to explain the esoteric truths of God’s creations.

Let us look at the Indian mythological connection to this word and I quote ….

Dharma: An ancient “Hindu Sage” – a Rishi, who married thirteen of Daksha‘s daughters. According to the Mahabharata, Daksha sprang from the right thumb of Brahma, and his wife from that god’s left thumb. Their numerous progeny, transparently personifications of virtues and religious rites, were married to – “Dharma” (meaning moral duty in Sanskrit); to Kashyapa – another ancient sage and the grandfather of Manu, the progenitor of mankind;  and to Soma – the king of the Brahmins and  the guardians of sacrifices.  Dharma in Hindu religion is the doctrine of the duties and rights of each caste in the ideal society, and as such the mirror of all moral action.

Now we look at the religious interpretations and I quote ….

Read the rest of this entry

%d bloggers like this: