Monthly Archives: June 2013

Ethics & Morals – Time to clear the confusion

Ethics is the universal law & Moral is social law. It is time to clear the confusion!
Morals are social laws or agreements among the members of any particular society. Morals are not universal and hence differ from place to place and time to time and group to group. What is moral in India is not so in other societies or countries. Morals vary even within India in different locations & societies. Morals are made specifically for sustaining “social order” within the group or among the groups of people for maintaining stability and to avoid disruptions – as it deals mainly with emotional issues connected with human relations within and without the families, groups and populations.
Lusting mentally for another married woman or man is immoral – but not illegal – till some unpleasant action is precipitated. Read the rest of this entry

The Vedas (Knowledge) – It’s Function & Structure

The Vedas (Knowledge) are principally divided into three portions – Mantra, Brahmana and Aranyaka. They are beginningless (Anadi), infinite (Ananta) and not the creation of the humans (Apaurusheya). A unique feature of the Vedas is that they have no internal contradictions. The portion now available is a very small part of the original and so very valuable.

Vast portions of this text have been lost in antiquity.

Vedas (Knowledge) are the means of gaining more knowledge through – Pramana (Acceptable Proof) for Dharma andBrahman.

Brahman (God) = The Original Cause of All Causes!

Dharma (Good) = The way “It originally was & Is” … and hence the crucial need to maintain it be so, for the happiness of all.

Pramanas are of six in number. They are:

1. Pratyaksha (Visible) pramana: Direct perception i.e. through our senses we gain the knowledge of the world.

2. Anuman (Imagination) pramana: We infer what we don’t see from what we see. We know the relationship of what we see with what we don’t see. Like we see smoke and infer fire.

3. Upamana (Comparison) pramana: We learn through comparison. We see an object, which is similar to what we had seen before and by comparison we come to know the new object. For example we compare the materials found on Mars with that on Earth and learn.

4. Arthapatti (Result) pramana: Knowledge is gained of the cause by studying the effect. This too is a type of inference. We see that the roads are wet and infer the cause as rain.

 5. Anupalabdhi (Unavailable) pramana: When we do not see a thing which we know at a place we gain knowledge of it’s absence. Like, we know human & animal life is absent on the moon. This too depends on pratyaksha.

6. Agama (Scriptures) pramana: We gain knowledge of Dharma and Brahman, which are beyond the domain of our senses, from the Vedas. Hence Vedas are Aagama Pramana also known as Shabda (Spoken Sound) Pramana. Read the rest of this entry

Economics & Religion

I do not keenly study the global or Indian financial markets – I either lack the ability, or have no inclination to put in that extra effort to unravel the possible future results of human manipulations & speculations.
I am never comfortable dealing with glorious uncertainties, thus lack the gambler’s instinct. I often contemplate on my father’s personal teachings to me …viz… “The richest man is not the one who has the most, but whose needs are least”.
There is a great word in Sanskrit -viz-  Maaya = Illusion + Delusion + Hallucination
Economics, as we find now, is founded on Maaya. Hope is sustained by promoting speculations on unrealizable possibilities. All religionists have done this and horribly exploited the gullible commoners to no end – and continue to do so. Read the rest of this entry
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